On the evening of December 7, minutes after a local Indiana union leader, Chuck Jones, criticized Trump on CNN for falsely promising to keep Carrier jobs in the U.S., Trump tweeted, “Chuck Jones, who is President of United Steelworkers 1999, has done a terrible job representing workers. No wonder companies flee country!”
NSU: German History X, a crime drama produced in Germany and introduced to US audiences as a Netflix “original,” chronicles the growth of the ultra-right National Socialist Underground (Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund) terrorist movement, which began to gather its destructive energy in the 1990s after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Though based on real events still playing out in Germany’s Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof or BGH), the Netflix series is nonetheless billed as “a work of fiction, not a documentary” and is told in three, movie-length episodes. The first episode focuses on three perpetrators who, after founding the NSU, go on a killing rampage across Germany that spans many years and that takes the lives of eight Turkish immigrants, one Greek immigrant, and a German policewoman. The second episode centers around the 2000 murder of Turkish florist Enver Simsek, one of the ten victims, and shows with heartbreaking poignancy the impact his violent, senseless death had on the wife and children he left behind. The third episode exposes the police investigation of the crimes for what it was: drawn out, cruelly executed, badly bungled, politically charged, and morally ambiguous.
While the second episode is one of the most unflinching—and wrenching—portraits I have seen of a very particular and, but for this episode, ineffable kind of suffering immigrant families are made to endure wherever a climate of xenophobic, nativist sentiment exists, it is the chilling story of the three young, right-wing reactionaries that I cannot quite shake.
It would be simplistic to say that these three were disaffected, uneducated thugs with a misguided belief that immigrants, Jews, and other so-called minorities had taken away their jobs, had overrun their country, and had somehow usurped their birthright. It would also be simplistic to say that one of them behaved as she did because of a weak, neglectful, alcoholic mother or that all three were looking for ways to feel powerful and visible because they actually felt impotent and unseen.
But there are no easy answers here: Just as there is no explaining the why of a Hitler, perhaps there is no explaining the why of these three neo-Nazis. Evil exists, and who but God knows why.
Yet I am left with an uneasy feeling about these perpetrators, who came of age during a turbulent time of reunification in Germany. While two of the three are now dead and the one still standing is in prison, their strain is alive and spreading infection not only across an increasingly right-shifting Europe but also across this country, where racist, anti-immigration sentiment has once again found a witting mouthpiece for its message of hate in none other than a Republican presidential candidate.
An ocean might separate the US from the current tumult in Europe, where right-wing nationalism has taken firm political hold in Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Sweden, Switzerland, and elsewhere. But Donald Trump’s racist populism provides just the right kind of bubbling broth needed to grow a thriving culture of extremist microbes right here at home.
The following was written yesterday by Dan Rather, hours before the tragic events in Dallas. His words seem fitting and perhaps even more powerful in the aftermath of those events:
In light of recent and certainly controversial police-involved shootings and other recent news events I feel the need to address something…
I remember hearing from a scientist once that the universe tends towards chaos. It’s a sobering reality that underpins the laws which we now know govern our planet and the vastness of space. But it is also intuitively a concept that is readily apparent to any of us who has tidied up a child’s scattered toys or struggled to untangle a ball of string. It takes work to clean things up. And these days, it certainly seems that the world is a mess, that chaos is reigning, in our country, and beyond our shores.
It is sometimes hard to stare at snapshots of time and clearly see the trend lines, but the deaths of more African Americans at the hands of white police officers, the unapologetic use of anti-Semitic imagery culled from extremist groups by a presidential candidate (the latest in a series of bigoted rhetoric), gun violence in our streets, the multiple terror attacks against civilians, even the dissolution of the European order, all point to a level of disorder that poisons the stability of society. We must recognize that this is the powerful drift of the status quo that threatens to get worse if left unchecked.
It is perhaps ironic to feel this way so recently after celebrating our nation’s independence. To be sure, that event marked a certain chaos for the British Empire, but our founding principal was one of bringing order to disparate parts. Our original national motto E Pluribus Unum (from many one) spoke to an ideal of stability that we now understand goes against, in some real sense, the laws of nature. The Founding Fathers tried to paper over some of the forces that were pulling their great experiment apart, most notably the blood-stained legacy of slavery and race. It nearly proved fatal to our national story through civil war and it is an issue on which we have never fully atoned. As the headlines continue to show us almost daily, it is a debt that still haunts us.
However, it would too pessimistic and fatalistic to think that we are powerless in the face of chaos. Maybe we cannot change the equation at the level of the universe, but we can in our own lives and to the betterment of our community. The heroes we laud today in our history books are mostly men and women who stood up and said, the work may be hard, the personal rewards uncertain, but we refuse to accept that the world cannot be made a better place through our toil. Martin Luther King, Jr. had his own equation for seeing our journey through time and space – ‘The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice.’
I choose today to embrace Dr. King’s hopeful vision and ask you to do the same. Stating this publicly is only a start. What we need is engagement, work, to turn back the tides of chaos. It can be as simple an act as voting, or a more sustained effort, like joining and supporting groups that are doing the real lifting, in the trenches, to build a more peaceful and equitable world. What is not acceptable is to ignore the realities and challenges we face.
Perhaps it is best to end with a quote from the Nobel Peace Prize speech of the late Elie Wiesel. Like his laureate predecessor Dr. King, Wiesel found it fitting to draw his own map of the moral universe and each of our individual responsibility to confront chaos.
“We must take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented. Sometimes we must interfere. When human lives are endangered, when human dignity is in jeopardy, national borders and sensitivities become irrelevant. Wherever men and women are persecuted because of their race, religion, or political views, that place must – at that moment – become the center of the universe.”
I am a big fan of British crime shows and will watch just about anything produced by the BBC. The mayhem I get to see allows me to exercise the darker side of my nature so I don’t actually have to go out and commit a homicide. I admit, though, that I have given it thought.
After watching all eight episodes of the British crime series Marcella, which just came out on Netflix, I am persuaded that I need to be more selective about my viewing choices.
Throughout, I kept wondering what an innocent who accidentally landed on this planet would think about the human race if this show were its only exposure to people on Earth. Perhaps it would think that
- Nowhere is one human safe from the inevitable treachery and betrayal of every other human.
- Most humans want to kill or maim other humans.
- Humans, especially men, prefer to harm others with knives and guns, but glass shards will suffice when these are not available.
- Most men are sadistic, and violence is as natural to them as breathing.
- Immigrant men are especially brutal and remorseless, particularly if they are from Eastern Europe.
- Among humans, there is one asexual, shy man who is made the butt of every joke.
- Most men are murderers, but a scattering also are adulterers.
- Most women and gay men are mentally ill, some extremely and violently so.
- Women who are not mentally ill are cold, cruel, and aloof.
- Humans appear to die prematurely and preternaturally.
- A human has psychic powers (or access to CCTV footage) and knows exactly where all other humans have been or are going to be at each moment.
- A man who marries an older woman would actually rather have sex with her beautiful daughter’s dresses.
- One must steer clear of the thin human wearing a hoodie.
- Every human being is inextricably connected to every other human being.
On this last point I would have to agree.